A first-aid kit should enable you to treat minor injuries and cope with more serious ines until the casualty gets proper medical help. You can buy ready-made kits from drugstores, or you can assemble your own – perhaps two, one for the home and a smaller one for the car.
Keep a first-aid kit in a well-sealed plastic container. Tape to the inside of the lid a card giving the address and telephone number of you doctor and the address of the Accident and Emergency Department of your local hospital. Give also medical details of you and your family such as blood groups, allergies and conditions such as diabetes or asthma.
Mark the container clearly „First Aid Kit“ with, perhaps, a white cross on a green background for quick recognition. Keep your home kit on a shelf out of the reach of children, but where it can be found easily in an emergency. All the family should know where it is kept.
A kit for the home
A home kit should have the following items:
- Antiseptic wipes and lotions, for cleaning cuts and wounds.
- Cotton wool, for applying antiseptic and lotions.
- Calamine lotion, for skin inflammations.
- Adhesive dressings, or plasters, of different sizes, for covering small wounds.
- Sterile dressings of different sizes, for covering larger wounds.
- Tubular gauze, for finger injuries, and tongs to apply it with.
- Sterile eye dressings, for eye injuries.
- A roll of 1in (25mm) pflaster.
- Crepe or conforming bandages, for sprains and wounds in joints.
- Triangular bandages, for making a bandage or a sling.
- Painkillers, such as paracetamol.
- Tweezers, for removing splinters.
- Antihistamine cream, for insect stings and bites.
- Safety pins, for pinning bandages.
- Blunt-ended scissors, for cutting plaster and bandages.
When you are going on holiday or week-ending outdoors, take the first-aid kit with you and add to it a blanket. This folds into a tiny packet, but unfolded cam ne wrapped around a casualty to keep him or her warm in freezing conditions.
In the car
A more compact kit could consist of:
- Sterile dressings.
- Adhesive dressings.
- Crepe bandages.
- Triangular bandages.
- Assorted safety pins.
- Antiseptic cream, for grazes.
- Clamine lotion, for sunburn.
- Antihistamine cream, for stings.